Volume 71 (2021) Issue: 2021 No#4

Comparative multimodal palliative efficacy of gabapentin and tramadol by using two pain scoring systems in cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy

Author(s): Ameer Hamza Rabbani, Qudrat Ullah, Omer Naseer, Faizan Haider Gardezi, Muhammad Shahid, Kashif Hussain, Taimoor Saleem, Ahmad Ali, Yasir Razzaq Khan, Abdul Waheed

Keywords:cat, composite pain scale, gabapentin, multimodal analgesia, serum cortisol concentrations

The analgesic efficacy of the gabapentin-tramadol combination was compared with meloxicam-tramadol and tramadol perioperative analgesic regimens in cats brought to the clinic for ovariohysterectomy. Thirty adult cats belonging to comparable demographics (age, body weight), were enrolled into a randomized, blinded study after due consent from their owners into four treatment groups. A Gabapentin-Tramadol group (GT-group, n = 10), Meloxicam-Tramadol group (MT-group, n = 10), and a Tramadol group (T-group, n = 10) were formed. Gabapentin capsules at 50 mg were administered orally 2 hours before surgery while the rest received a placebo dose. Tramadol (2 mg/kg, IM) and meloxicam at (0.2 mg/kg, SC) were injected immediately prior to anesthetic premedication. Anesthetic protocol involved premedication with ketamine and xylazine, while anesthesia was induced using propofol. Inhalant isoflurane anesthesia was used to maintain a surgical plane. GT group scored lower on IVAS as well as CPS than MT group, and T group for up to 8 hours after surgery. The mechanical nociceptive threshold remained higher (98±0) for up to 12 hours postoperatively and serum cortisol concentrations remained significantly lower during the 24hr period. The addition of gabapentin to the tramadol regimen significantly improved analgesia and mechanical nociceptive threshold than when used on its own.

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ISSN: 0567-8315

eISSN: 1820-7448

Journal Impact Factor 2020: 0.800

5-Year Impact Factor: 0.857

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