Author(s): Djelić N, Nešić Ivana, Stanimirović Z, Jovanović S
Keywords:chromosome aberrations, genotoxicity, mouse, thyroxine
Thyroid hormones enhance aerobic metabolism favoring oxidative stress which may lead to covalent damage of various molecules including DNA. Previous investigations revealed that thyroid hormones induce DNA damage on human lymphocytes and sperm in the in vitro Comet assay. However, cytogenetic evaluation of genotoxic effects of thyroxine gave equivocal results: increase of sister chromatid exchanges, and no incerase of micronuclei in cultured human lymphocytes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to further evaluate the possible genotoxic effects of thyroxine using in vivo cytogenetic test on Swiss albino mice. Three experimental concentrations of thyroxine were used (0.1 mg/kg, 0.5 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg). The mice were divided into several groups depending on the duration of the treatment with thyroxine. Thus, we treated mice for 1, 3, 7 and 10 days. Positive (Nmethyl- N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine) and negative controls were also formed for the same time periods. Cytogenetic endpoinds (numerical and structural aberrations, chormosome gaps and breaks) were analysed in bone marrow cells from femures. The results obtained in this investigation showed that thyroxine has not induced chromosome damage or aberrations. This is in agreement with our previous analysis of micronuclei in human peripheral blood lymophocytes treated with thyroxine. On the other hand, we observed a decrease of mitotic index especially in animals treated for a longer period of time with the highest dose of thyroxine. Therefore, it can be concluded that thyroxine does not induce genotoxic effects which could be detected by cytogenetic analysis.
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